What is prediabetes?
Pre-diabetes is a condition that occurs when a person’s blood glucose (sugar) levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Pre-diabetes can also be referred to as Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) or Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG). In India alone there are an estimated 62.4 million diabetics and 72.2 million pre-diabetes.Individuals with pre-diabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, hypertension and stroke.
“Approximately 70% of the adult Indian population is unaware of being pre-diabetic or at the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes”
Who is at risk for pre-diabetes?
People who are 30 years and above or older should be checked for pre-diabetes. Prediabetes testing is recommended if they have any of the risk factors mentioned below:
- Family History of diabetes
- Overweight / obese – BM1 >25
- HBP – BP more than or equal to 140/90mhg
- Abnormal Cholesterol levels
- Suffer from Heart Disease, stroke
- Women with polycystic ovarian disease ( PCOD)
- Gestational diabetes / diabetes in pregnancy
How can you reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you are pre-diabetic?
Pre-diabetics are exposed to a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes within 10 years unless they take steps to prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. Lifestyle changes such as healthy eating habits, regular exercise, weight reduction and periodic check ups can prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes especially in those with high risk factors.
Importance of pre-diabetes screening:
- Pre- diabetic screening helps identify early onset of diabetes among individuals so that they can start managing the disease early and prevent it from progressing and developing complications.
- 30-60% of type 2 diabetic cases could be prevented with timely and periodic screening of individuals with pre-diabetes supported by appropriate medical interventions and lifestyle modifications.
High risk individuals should screen themselves annually for pre-diabetes or Type 2 diabetes to prevent and delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes